Mahjong Solitaire

Mahjong Solitaire, a captivating game that combines the ancient Chinese game of Mahjong with the logic and strategy of solitaire, has been a popular pastime for many years. Offering a unique experience compared to traditional Mahjong, this game features a single-player setup and a plethora of tile arrangements to challenge even the most skilled players. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the ins and outs of Mahjong Solitaire, from its rules and gameplay to its various forms and strategies for success. So, whether you’re a seasoned player or a newcomer seeking a fresh challenge, let’s dive into the fascinating world of Mahjong Solitaire.

About Mahjong Solitaire

Mahjong Solitaire, commonly misspelled as Mahjongg Solitaire, Majong Solitaire, Mah Jong Solitaire, Mah Jongg Solitaire, and Marjong Solitaire, is a tile-based game that originated in the early 1980s. It is believed to have been created by Brodie Lockard, an American computer game designer. He says that the game is based on a very old Chinese game called “The Turtle”. This is why Mahjong Solitaire is still considered a traditional and ancient Chinese game. The game quickly gained popularity as a computer game and has since been adapted for various platforms, including Mahjong Solitaire online for free versions, mobile versions, and Mahjong Solitaire offline downloadable versions.

In Mahjong Solitaire, the goal is to match and remove pairs of identical tiles from a stack, known as the “layout” or “board.” The game is played using a set of 144 tiles, which are typically adorned with Chinese characters and symbols. These tiles are divided into seven categories: the three suits (Bamboo, Circle, and Character), the three Dragons (Red, Green, and White), and the four Winds (East, South, West, and North). Each suit contains nine numbered tiles, while the Dragons and Winds have four identical tiles each. Additionally, there are eight bonus Flower and Season tiles that serve as optional elements in the game. Below is a more detailed description of the Solitaire Mahjongg tiles:

Bamboo (Bam)

The Bamboo suit, also known as Bam or Sticks, consists of tiles numbered 1 through 9, with each number represented by a corresponding number of bamboo sticks. When you play Mahjong Solitaire the 1 Bamboo tile is unique – instead of a single bamboo stick, it usually features a bird or a peacock.

Circle (Dot)

The Circle suit, also called Dot or Coin, consists of tiles numbered 1 through 9, with each number represented by a corresponding number of circles. The circles symbolize ancient Chinese coins with a square hole in the center.

Character (Crack)

The Character suit, also referred to as Crack or Wan, consists of tiles numbered 1 through 9, with each number represented by a Chinese character. The characters are the Chinese numerals for one through nine, alongside the character for “ten thousand” (萬), which signifies wealth and prosperity.


The Dragon tiles consist of three distinct tiles: the Red Dragon (represented by a red Chinese character meaning “center” or “middle”), the Green Dragon (represented by a green Chinese character meaning “to initiate” or “to start”), and the White Dragon (represented by a blank or blue-bordered tile).


The four Winds tiles represent the cardinal directions: North (N), South (S), East (E), and West (W). Each Wind tile is adorned with a Chinese character representing its respective direction.

Flower and Season Tiles (Optional)

In some Mah Jongg Solitaire games, the eight optional bonus tiles consist of four Flower tiles and four Season tiles. Each Flower tile features a different flower – plum, orchid, chrysanthemum, and bamboo – and is numbered 1 through 4. The Season tiles depict the four seasons – spring, summer, autumn, and winter – and are also numbered 1 through 4. These tiles are not required for gameplay but can add extra depth and challenge to the Mahjog Solitaire game when included.

How to Play Mahjong Solitaire

To begin playing Mahjong Solitaire, the 144 tiles are arranged in a specific layout. There are countless layouts to choose from, ranging from simple, symmetrical patterns to complex, intricate designs. Some popular layouts include the Turtle, the Pyramid, the Fortress, and the classic Mahjong Solitaire free layout, also known as the “Shanghai” or “Mahjong Solitaire” layout.

Once the layout has been set up, the objective is to remove all of the tiles from the board by matching them in pairs. However, not all tiles are available for matching at any given time. A tile is considered “free” and can be selected for pairing if it meets the following criteria:

  1. It is not covered by any other tiles.
  2. It has no tiles on both its left and right sides.

Rules of Mahjong Solitaire

The rules of Mahjong Solitaire are relatively straightforward, making it easy for players of all skill levels to enjoy the game. The primary objective is to clear the board of all tiles by matching pairs of identical tiles. However, there are a few important rules to keep in mind if you want to make the most of your Mahjong Solitaire free games:

  1. Only free tiles can be selected for matching. A tile is considered free if it is not covered by any other tiles and has no tiles on both its left and right sides.
  2. A match in Mahjong Solitaire can only be made if both tiles in the pair are free.
  3. Pairs of identical Mahjong Solitaire tiles must be removed before the player can proceed to match and remove other Mahjong Solitaire tiles.
  4. The bonus Flower and Season tiles can be matched with any other tile from their respective category. For example, any Flower tile can be paired with another Flower tile, and the same applies to Season tiles.
  5. The Majongg Solitaire game is won when all tiles have been removed from the board. If there are no more available moves, the Mahjong Solitaire game is lost.

How to Win in Mahjong Solitaire

While Mahjong Solitaire may seem like a simple game of matching pairs, it requires a great deal of strategy and forethought to achieve success. Players must carefully consider each move and its potential consequences, as well as adapt their approach as the Mahjong Solitaire game progresses.

One of the most important aspects of strategy in Mahjong Solitaire is identifying which tiles to prioritize for removal. For example, removing a tile that is covering several other tiles can open up more opportunities for matches, while removing a tile from a suit with fewer remaining tiles on the board can help prevent blocking crucial matches later on.

Additionally, players playing Mahjong Solitaire free should be mindful of the fact that every move they make can impact future moves. For this reason, it’s crucial to think several steps ahead, anticipating how the board will change as tiles are removed and planning accordingly.

Here are some other tips to help you improve your chances of success when playing Mahjong Solitaire:

  1. Plan ahead: Before making a move, scan the Mahjong Solitaire board for potential matches and think about the consequences of removing a particular pair of tiles. Will it free up other tiles, or will it block access to crucial matches later on?
  2. Prioritize key tiles: Focus on removing Mahjong Solitaire tiles that will open up the most opportunities for additional matches. For example, prioritize tiles that are covering multiple other tiles or tiles that belong to a suit or category with fewer remaining tiles on the board.
  3. Be flexible: Sometimes, it’s necessary to change your Mahjong Solitaire strategy mid-game. If you find yourself stuck, don’t be afraid to backtrack and try a different approach to your Mahjong Solitaire game.
  4. Use hints and shuffles wisely: Many Mahjong Solitaire games, particularly digital versions and Mahjong Solitaire unblocked versions, offer players the option to receive hints or shuffle the remaining tiles. While these features can be helpful in a pinch, use them sparingly to avoid relying on them too much. If you rely on them too much, when you start playing without these aids you will really struggle in Mahjong Solitaire classic free games.

Types of Mahjong Solitaire Games

Although the classic Mahjong Solitaire game remains the most popular, several variations have emerged over the years, offering different challenges and experiences for players. Some of these variations of the Mahjong Solitaire game include:

  1. Shuffling the tiles: Some versions of Mahjong Solitaire allow the player to shuffle the tiles during the game. This adds a new layer of challenge to Mahjong Solitaire, as the player then needs to find new pairs and adapt their strategy to the new layout of the tiles. This feature is most commonly offered in digital versions of Mahjong Solitaire
  2. Mahjong Solitaire Online: Online versions of the game have become increasingly popular, allowing players to enjoy Mahjong Solitaire on their computers or mobile devices. These digital versions often feature customizable layouts, tile designs, and difficulty levels, as well as options for hints and shuffles. The best online version is searching for anything like Mahjong Solitaire play Mahjong Solitaire online for free on the internet.
  3. Wildcard Tiles: Wildcard tiles, also known as jokers can be used in some variations of Mahjong Solitaire. These tiles can be used to substitute any other tile to form a pair. For example, if a player has two tiles that are the same except for the number, they can use a wildcard tile to make a valid pair. The inclusion of wildcard tiles can make the game more exciting as players have a higher likelihood of winning. However, if you want to excel at the classic version of Mahjong Solitaire without variations, then you should try to avoid aids such as the wildcard tiles. Avoiding these will help you become a better player quicker, although may suck some enjoyment out of Mahjong Solitaire if it means you aren’t winning very much.
  4. ShisenSho: Shisen-Sho is another solitaire type game that uses Mahjong Solitaire tiles. This game originated in Japan, the objective of the game is to remove all the tiles from the board by matching them in pairs. The tiles are arranged in a grid pattern, and the player must match identical tiles that are free on at least one side. You win the game by removing all the tiles from the board.


Can I play Mahjong Solitaire for free?

Yes, there are many websites and apps that offer Mahjong Solitaire free games. These digital versions often provide players with customizable options, such as layout and tile design, to enhance the gaming experience.

How do I play Mahjong Solitaire online?

To play Mahjong Solitaire online, simply search for a website or app offering the game. Many of these platforms allow you to play Mahjong Solitaire for free and may also offer additional features, such as hints, shuffles, and customizable layouts.

What is the best strategy for winning in Mahjong Solitaire?

The best strategy for winning in Mahjong Solitaire involves planning ahead, prioritizing key tiles, being flexible, and using hints and shuffles sparingly. By carefully considering each move and adapting your strategy as needed, you can increase your chances of success in Mahjong Solitaire.

Is there a social aspect to a game of Mahjong Solitaire?

Although Mahjong Solitaire is a single-player game, it can still provide a social experience for players. Many people enjoy playing the game together with friends or family, taking turns making moves and discussing strategies. Additionally, online forums and communities dedicated to Mahjong Solitaire provide opportunities for players to connect with others who share their passion for the game, exchanging tips, strategies, and experiences. Furthermore, Mahjong Solitaire tournaments and competitions have become increasingly popular in recent years, offering players the chance to test their skills against others and potentially win prizes.

Is Mahjong Solitaire difficult?

Mahjong Solitaire can be a challenging game, particularly when players encounter a situation where no available moves remain. This can occur when all free tiles have been matched and removed, or when all remaining free tiles are blocked by other tiles. In such cases, players may have to backtrack and rethink their strategy, potentially undoing previous moves in order to free up new possibilities. This can be a frustrating aspect of the game, but it also serves as a valuable lesson in the importance of careful planning and strategic thinking. Some Mahjong Solitaire games, particularly digital versions, offer features such as hints and shuffles to help players overcome challenging situations. While these features can be useful in certain circumstances, it’s essential to use them sparingly and avoid becoming overly reliant on them. Becoming overly reliant on them may lead to you sacrificing some of the power that practicing the game holds. Your practices will become less effective and you may end up struggling in future games that don’t allow such hints and shuffles.

Has Mahjong Solitaire always been popular?

Mahjong Solitaire’s enduring appeal can be attributed to its unique combination of strategy, logic, and luck, making it an engaging and challenging game for players of all ages and skill levels. The numerous variations of the game, from classic Mahjong Solitaire free games to online and unblocked versions, ensure that there is always a fresh challenge awaiting both seasoned veterans and newcomers to the world of Mahjong Solitaire.


In conclusion, Mahjong Solitaire is an engaging and challenging game that appeals to players of all ages and skill levels. With its unique blend of strategy, logic, and luck, Mahjong Solitaire offers an exciting gaming experience that can be enjoyed in numerous variations, from classic Mahjong Solitaire free games to online and Mahjong Solitaire unblocked versions. Whether you’re a seasoned veteran or a newcomer to the world of Mahjong Solitaire, we hope this comprehensive guide has provided you with valuable insights and tips to help you master the game and achieve success. Happy playing!